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How TSX Grew to Be One of the World's Best Exchanges


June 19, 2024 ( Newswire) The TSX, Toronto Stock Exchange, is North America's third-largest stock exchange and Canada's largest. It is owned by the same group as the TSX Venture Exchange and Montreal Exchange, the TMX Group.

Within the TSX, you'll find some of the largest Canadian companies, including the Royal Bank of Canada, Enbridge Inc., and the Canadian National Railway Company. But it's much more than banks or essential service providers - you'll also find retailers and relatively young organizations, including Shopify, Pet Valu, and Dollarama.

There's even the possibility that companies providing streaming or online gambling services could find their way there - and with online casinos letting players deposit just $10 to get a welcome bonus, it won't take long for them to make a name for themselves within the market.

The exchange's journey to being one of the largest in the world started in 1852. It has seen decades of growth and change, bringing it to where it is today. Here are some of the most pivotal steps it's taken to make itself known on a global scale.

1861 - The TSE Is Formally Established

While the idea for the Toronto Stock Exchange was formed in 1852, it wasn't until nearly a decade later, in 1861, that it was formally established. It only had 18 stock listings during this early period, a tiny fraction of what you'll find there today, and used the acronym TSE instead of TSX, which it uses today.

1934 - First Major Merger

The year 1934 was a milestone for the stock exchange. It was the year of its first major merger that helped shape the foundation for the TSX as we know it today and was the moment it became the third-largest stock exchange in North America. The merger brought together the Standard Stock and Mining Exchange with the Toronto Stock Exchange.

1977 - The TSE 300 Debuts

Following the lead of the S&P 500, the TSX debuted a list consisting of the 300 most influential and high-performing stocks within the TSX. At the time of its debut, it was called the TSE 300. Today, it's known as the S&P/TSX Composite Index because it has since been taken over by S&P (Standard & Poor).

1977 - Early Tech Advances

1977 was more than just the year the TSX provided its index to the public. It also developed the first computer-assisted trading system, known as CATS. The system remained in use until 2002 when newer options replaced it.

1997 - Conversion to Electronic Trading & Decimal Trading

In 1997, the TSX became the largest stock exchange to go entirely virtual, eliminating the trading floor. While they were the biggest exchange to implement this, they weren't the first. By then, the world's first electronic exchange, NASDAQ (National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations), was well established. It also moved away from using fractions in trading to decimals, allowing for more share options.

2001 & 2004 - Major Acquisitions

In 2001, TSX acquired the Canadian Venture Exchange, a stock exchange in Alberta that is now better known as the TSX Venture Exchange. Canadian Venture Exchange was a place for smaller companies that couldn't afford to get into the TSX to list shares. Just a few years later, in 2004, TSX acquired NGX Canada Inc., another Alberta exchange, this one focusing on natural gas and electricity stocks.

2002 - Rebrand to TSX

In the midst of making the major Canadian exchange acquisitions, the Toronto Stock Exchange also underwent a rebranding from TSE to TSX. Part of the reason for the rebranding was so that the Toronto Exchange could differentiate itself from the Tokyo Stock Exchange, also known as the TSE. The rebrand also included renaming the TSE 300.

2008 - Formation of the TMX Group

Another major merger occurred for the Toronto Stock Exchange in 2008 when it and the Montréal Stock Exchange (MX) came together. Like the TSX, the MX established itself as a significant trading player and is the oldest exchange in Canada.

Unlike the TSX, which focused on shares for major organizations with massive cash flows, the MX focused on less risky trading options, like bonds. Today, its primary offers are still within the realm of risk management options.

This merger resulted in the TSX Group becoming the TMX Group, establishing it as a significant national and international player and strengthening not just the TMX Group but its individual exchanges, including the TSX.

2021 - Lists the First Bitcoin ETF

One of the most recent pivotal moments for the TSX was in 2021, when it was the world's first exchange to list a Bitcoin ETF (exchange-traded fund). This listing tracked the value of Bitcoin, the first major cryptocurrency, and allowed for investments into the cryptocurrency through the stock market rather than through the crypto platform. It marked the rise of a significant financial player affecting shares and trading and showed TSX's commitment to staying aware and involved in the ever-changing market.


While the TSX may not be the first thing that comes to mind when discussing stock markets or day trading, it has still made an incredible mark, particularly in Canada. It has managed to leverage other exchanges by acquiring them or forming partnerships with them to stay relevant and, more importantly, to remain significant in stock trading.

Today, its long, established history creates more confidence in the exchange, and its major milestones (like listing the first Bitcoin ETF) show that the TSX will remain an essential player by adapting to the constantly shifting and evolving market.

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